To begin, let, synthetic vinegar was invented by the German scientist K. Hoffmann in 1898. However, this product, only natural, was known to ancient Slavs. In “Domostroi” stated his recipe: “After the wort syrup to make sour four weeks, or longer, on the stove, and put in the vinegar honey molasses with gribenko or more, Yes peas a little bit of wheat to add a little, and also put cranberries and oak bark, and sometimes iron.”
The most acidic
Avicenna wrote that the vinegar in the East they make from grapes, raisins, sugar, dates, honey, rice and other products. This natural elixir is a storehouse of vitamins, mineral salts, trace elements. I must say that the vinegar is the acid. It was used by the ancient Greeks, and the word in Greek means “sour”. He was a dear and valuable product: even Cleopatra prepared a special drink of vinegar, dissolving pearls in it and thus obtaining the elixir of youth.
So what is vinegar? It is the result of fermentation lactic acid bacteria and depending on the raw material is alcohol, wine, fruit, beer, honey. In stores we see vinegar in 3-, 6 – and 9% interest, this means that vinegar in 100g contains 3 g of uksousnokisloy, double vinegar — 6 g, triple — 9 g acid.
Earlier alchemists vinegar was extracted by dry distillation of wood (bark, branches, sawdust). Now, in addition to acetic acid, you get wine, lactic, malic, citric and other acids. So, tartaric acid is produced from special salt deposited on the surface of wine barrels, milk — sugar waste molasses, lemon from. sugar and synthetic malic is from coal. Continue reading
Relatively recently in this regard in Russia spoke about the so-called Superfoods (superfood). This is a group of natural products, combining the fruits of the plants, karenia, sprouts, seaweeds and seeds. It is believed that the prefix “super” they are indebted for their nutrients, the concentration of which they are much more than in all other products.
Marketers left and right tell us that with regular use in combination with the General principles of good nutrition, Superfoods erase the traces of improper lifestyle, unbalanced diets and even the negative impact of bad environment. However, to date, there is no global medical research proving the therapeutic effects of such food.
But it is known that almost all products from the group of Superfoods used for thousands of years. Say at once that they never replaced the normal nutrition, Superfoods always went in addition to it.
But, as usual, in the pursuit of fashion people often forget to understand what actually are these natural food additives.
Varieties of Superfoods there are many. In Russia very popular so far acquired five products. We will understand in order that they represent.
In recent years interest towards small coral-red fruits of a Bush of Goji is marketed as a “cure-all”, having allegedly unique concentration of microelements and antioxidants. Continue reading
It’s hard to say when there was shamanism in the Altai. Many centuries ago. But already in the 20s of the twentieth century, after the revolution and the separation of Orthodox Church from the state, which led to the crisis in the Altai spiritual mission, to shamanism came back many baptized Altaians, everywhere there were the ritual with sacrifices of domestic animals. Slaughter of cattle in sacrifice to the spirits is of such a size that it began to concern local authorities EUROSAI Autonomous region. End the practice of shamans of the cult marked the ensuing collectivization. While shamanic ritual places still was conducted in a narrow circle of believers without the tambourine and sacrifices. Is it possible to say that shamanism is not now in Altai? No, most likely, shamanism simply changed the life form.
Scientific ethnographic study of shamanism were held in tsarist Russia, then in the Soviet Union from the 30s. And now in modern Russia from time to time come out with new research this regional religion of the Altai shamanism. To illustrate the ritual of the Altai shamans meaningless compilation of modern works, eyewitness exclamations, here’s what you need.
To send sacrifices in Altaians and other Siberian non-Russians, there is a special class of shamans, which they call kammi. Kumami are not only men,but women; the belief of the Altaians, the Kama is born with an irresistible desire Kamlat, i.e. Kuesnacht. Continue reading