Physiotherapy (from the Greek. phýsis nature and therapy), a branch of medicine studying medical properties of physical factors and develops methods of their use for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes.
Physical factors have an effect on the man throughout its evolution; therefore, physiotherapy treatments have on the body more physiological effects than many medicines. Physiotherapy trigger both nonspecific and specific responses. The latter is due to characteristics of the current factors and the pathological process and provide main therapeutic effect. Task F. – to achieve the greatest therapeutic effect with minimal stress on the body by enhancing specific and nonspecific attenuation of the components of the physical factors. For this last is often used in intermittent (pulsed) mode and in small doses. The choice of the factor, its dose and method of use, and combinations of several factors determined by the form and stage of the disease and the condition of the body. Physiotherapeutic tools are most effective in the initial stage of the disease functional disorders. In the complex of therapeutic measures applied to them also. the stages of treatment and medical rehabilitation with the aim of vozdeystviyna certain processes in the body at different levels, including cellular and molecular. The diversity of factors and procedures used in F. identifies opportunities individualized effects on the body and a directional influence on the pathological process without negative side effect. Continue reading
In the last Millennium, when the Russians had just begun to travel abroad, hookah in Russia was only available if one of the lucky ones, riding the wind in Egypt, returned and brought with him attracted in the country of pyramids is a funny thing. Well, the tobacco took at the same time. Because if the hookah can be, and could be found in antique the East bench that was right next to the Museum of the East, tobacco in the capital and in the afternoon with fire was not to find.
And happy owners overseas diva carried the hookah to all the parties and even took out on hikes, where were lighted in a circle of friends around the campfire.
Whether the case now. Hookahs with tobacco on every corner, in every subway stand. And buy them not only Globetrotters who try fragrant smoke in Turkey and Egypt, but also tourists, never in the East weren’t happening. And therefore do not know what this thing is – hookah and what it needs to do.
The origin of the hookah there are many stories, but most often tell you that the hookah was born in India two thousand years ago, and the first of them consisted of a coconut with two holes, one of which is inserted a straw, the second stacked drug or medicinal herbs, and the inside had water or infusion of herbs.
After Asia got tobacco, hookah, while maintaining the basic principle of inhaling cooled and passed through water, smoke, has changed, but only superficially. Continue reading
To begin, let, synthetic vinegar was invented by the German scientist K. Hoffmann in 1898. However, this product, only natural, was known to ancient Slavs. In “Domostroi” stated his recipe: “After the wort syrup to make sour four weeks, or longer, on the stove, and put in the vinegar honey molasses with gribenko or more, Yes peas a little bit of wheat to add a little, and also put cranberries and oak bark, and sometimes iron.”
The most acidic
Avicenna wrote that the vinegar in the East they make from grapes, raisins, sugar, dates, honey, rice and other products. This natural elixir is a storehouse of vitamins, mineral salts, trace elements. I must say that the vinegar is the acid. It was used by the ancient Greeks, and the word in Greek means “sour”. He was a dear and valuable product: even Cleopatra prepared a special drink of vinegar, dissolving pearls in it and thus obtaining the elixir of youth.
So what is vinegar? It is the result of fermentation lactic acid bacteria and depending on the raw material is alcohol, wine, fruit, beer, honey. In stores we see vinegar in 3-, 6 – and 9% interest, this means that vinegar in 100g contains 3 g of uksousnokisloy, double vinegar — 6 g, triple — 9 g acid.
Earlier alchemists vinegar was extracted by dry distillation of wood (bark, branches, sawdust). Now, in addition to acetic acid, you get wine, lactic, malic, citric and other acids. So, tartaric acid is produced from special salt deposited on the surface of wine barrels, milk — sugar waste molasses, lemon from. sugar and synthetic malic is from coal. Continue reading