In the last Millennium, when the Russians had just begun to travel abroad, hookah in Russia was only available if one of the lucky ones, riding the wind in Egypt, returned and brought with him attracted in the country of pyramids is a funny thing. Well, the tobacco took at the same time. Because if the hookah can be, and could be found in antique the East bench that was right next to the Museum of the East, tobacco in the capital and in the afternoon with fire was not to find.
And happy owners overseas diva carried the hookah to all the parties and even took out on hikes, where were lighted in a circle of friends around the campfire.
Whether the case now. Hookahs with tobacco on every corner, in every subway stand. And buy them not only Globetrotters who try fragrant smoke in Turkey and Egypt, but also tourists, never in the East weren’t happening. And therefore do not know what this thing is – hookah and what it needs to do.
The origin of the hookah there are many stories, but most often tell you that the hookah was born in India two thousand years ago, and the first of them consisted of a coconut with two holes, one of which is inserted a straw, the second stacked drug or medicinal herbs, and the inside had water or infusion of herbs.
After Asia got tobacco, hookah, while maintaining the basic principle of inhaling cooled and passed through water, smoke, has changed, but only superficially. Continue reading
To begin, let, synthetic vinegar was invented by the German scientist K. Hoffmann in 1898. However, this product, only natural, was known to ancient Slavs. In “Domostroi” stated his recipe: “After the wort syrup to make sour four weeks, or longer, on the stove, and put in the vinegar honey molasses with gribenko or more, Yes peas a little bit of wheat to add a little, and also put cranberries and oak bark, and sometimes iron.”
The most acidic
Avicenna wrote that the vinegar in the East they make from grapes, raisins, sugar, dates, honey, rice and other products. This natural elixir is a storehouse of vitamins, mineral salts, trace elements. I must say that the vinegar is the acid. It was used by the ancient Greeks, and the word in Greek means “sour”. He was a dear and valuable product: even Cleopatra prepared a special drink of vinegar, dissolving pearls in it and thus obtaining the elixir of youth.
So what is vinegar? It is the result of fermentation lactic acid bacteria and depending on the raw material is alcohol, wine, fruit, beer, honey. In stores we see vinegar in 3-, 6 – and 9% interest, this means that vinegar in 100g contains 3 g of uksousnokisloy, double vinegar — 6 g, triple — 9 g acid.
Earlier alchemists vinegar was extracted by dry distillation of wood (bark, branches, sawdust). Now, in addition to acetic acid, you get wine, lactic, malic, citric and other acids. So, tartaric acid is produced from special salt deposited on the surface of wine barrels, milk — sugar waste molasses, lemon from. sugar and synthetic malic is from coal. Continue reading
Relatively recently in this regard in Russia spoke about the so-called Superfoods (superfood). This is a group of natural products, combining the fruits of the plants, karenia, sprouts, seaweeds and seeds. It is believed that the prefix “super” they are indebted for their nutrients, the concentration of which they are much more than in all other products.
Marketers left and right tell us that with regular use in combination with the General principles of good nutrition, Superfoods erase the traces of improper lifestyle, unbalanced diets and even the negative impact of bad environment. However, to date, there is no global medical research proving the therapeutic effects of such food.
But it is known that almost all products from the group of Superfoods used for thousands of years. Say at once that they never replaced the normal nutrition, Superfoods always went in addition to it.
But, as usual, in the pursuit of fashion people often forget to understand what actually are these natural food additives.
Varieties of Superfoods there are many. In Russia very popular so far acquired five products. We will understand in order that they represent.
In recent years interest towards small coral-red fruits of a Bush of Goji is marketed as a “cure-all”, having allegedly unique concentration of microelements and antioxidants. Continue reading